Rectal damage control: when to do and not to do
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Rectal trauma is uncommon, but it is usually associated with injuries in adjacent pelvic or abdominal organs. Recent studies have changed the paradigm behind military rectal trauma management, showing better morbidity and mortality. However, damage control techniques in rectal trauma remain controversial. This article aims to present an algorithm for the treatment of rectal trauma in a patient with hemodynamic instability, according to damage control surgery principles. We propose to manage intraperitoneal rectal injuries in the same way as colon injuries. The treatment of extraperitoneal rectum injuries will depend on the percentage of the circumference involved. For injuries involving more than 25% of the circumference, a colostomy is indicated. While injuries involving less than 25% of the circumference can be managed through a conservative approach or primary repair. In rectal trauma, knowing when to do or not to do it makes the difference.
- María Fernanda Escobar, Alberto García, Javier Fonseca, Enrique Herrera, Jairo Enrique Guerrero, Cirugía de control de daños: Un concepto aplicable en ginecología y obstetricia. , Colombia Medica: Vol. 36 No. 2 (2005)
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