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Introduction: The shortage of organs for transplantation is a worldwide problem and the main cause is the refusal of family members to donate. Consent to donate is influenced by many factors and educational interventions are strongly recommended.

Objective: To evaluate the impact of an educational, theater-based strategy on the attitudes toward organ donation.

Methodology: This study employed an intervention using theater as the central tool. The impact of this intervention on the intention to donate was assessed through a controlled, prospective, non randomized designed study. The sample consisted of 1,038 people. All the participants answered a survey that asked about sex, age and intent to donate. Afterward, one portion of the sample was exposed to the play, The Gift of Life, and a subsequent discussion forum that was guided by experts. The same survey was administered again after the intervention.

Results: Before the intervention, donation attitudes were positive in 68.3% of the responses, negative in 6.8% and uncertain in 24.9%. Females showed a greater intent to donate while age had no apparent influence on the donation decision. Those exposed to the intervention were found to be more likely to donate and show a favorable change in attitude toward donation than those who were not exposed to the intervention.

Conclusion: An educational intervention using theater is an effective tool to generate a short-term change in the intent to donate. Educational strategies should be employed to increase the rates of organ donation.

Juliana Buitrago, Universidad Tecnológica de Pereira y Organización de Procuramiento de Órganos OPO Colombia Vive

Profesor asociado

Deaprtametno de Ciencias Clínicas

Facultad Ciencias de la Salud

Julio C Sánchez, Universidad Tecnológica de Pereira

Profesor titular e investigador

Departamento de Ciencias Básicas

Facultad Ciencias de la Salud

 

Alvaro Guerra, Organización de Procuramiento de Órganos OPO Colombia Vive

Cirujano de transplantes

Sandra V Gómez, Organización de Procuramiento de Órganos OPO Colombia Vive

Coordinadora Regional de Transplantes

Leidy J Lucumí, Universidad Tecnológica de Pereira

Estudiante de Medicina

César R Romero, Universidad Tecnológica de Pereira

Estudiante de Medicina

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Buitrago, J., Sánchez, J. C., Guerra, A., Gómez, S. V., Lucumí, L. J., & Romero, C. R. (2024). Evaluation of an educational, theater-based intervention on attitudes toward organ donation in Risaralda, Colombia. Colombia Medica, 44(1), 37–41. https://doi.org/10.25100/cm.v44i1.1086

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Received 2012-03-20
Accepted 2013-02-21
Published 2024-06-26