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Leptospirosis is a zoonotic disease affecting mainly to low income human population. Acute leptospiral infection during pregnancy has been associated with spontaneous abortion and fetal death during the first trimester and the abortion may occur as consequence of systemic failure.


To estimate the frequency of Leptospira interrogans infection in women with spontaneous abortion in the state of Yucatan, Mexico.


A cross sectional study on women with spontaneous abortion was conducted. Serum samples were tested for Leptospirosis by the microaglutination test, to estimate the frequency of the infecting serovar. The indirect ELISA IgM was used to detect recent infection by L. interrogans. DNA was extracted from paraffin-embedded tissue of placenta for PCR detection of L. interrogans.


Overall frequency of infection with L. interrogans in the 81 women with abortion was 13.6%. Five of the 12 serovars evaluated were found and included. Two of the 11 women with abortion and positive to microaglutination test were also positive to the ELISA IgM test. None samples were positive for PCR Leptospira diagnosis.


two women could be associated with spontaneous abortion due to leptospirosis, because they showed antibodies against L. interrogans in the microaglutination test and ELISA IgM assays. Differences between regions were found with respect to the prevalences of lesptospirosis.

María Fidelia Cárdenas-Marrufo, Universidad Autónoma de Yucatán

Laboratorio de Enfermedades Infecciosas y Parasitarias II. Facultad de Medicina.

Ignacio Vado-Solis, Universidad Autónoma de Yucatán

Laboratorio de Enfermedades Infecciosas y Parasitarias II. Facultad de Medicina.

Gaspar Fernando Peniche-Lara, Universidad Autónoma de Yucatán

Laboratorio de Enfermedades Infecciosas y Parasitarias I. Facultad de Medicina.

Carlos Perez-Osorio, Universidad Autónoma de Yucatán

Laboratorio de Enfermedades Infecciosas y Parasitarias II. Facultad de Medicina.

José Correa-Segura, Universidad Autónoma de Yucatán. México

Campus Ciencias Biológicas y Agropecuarias.
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Received 2015-05-26
Accepted 2016-02-04
Published 2024-06-07