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  • Background:Qualitative studies on HIV prevention strategies and methods among men who have sex with men (MSM) allow identify knowledge gaps and improve preventive actions.





 





  • Objective:To make a thematic synthesis of the scientific productions that use the qualitative methodology in the strategies and methods of HIV prevention area among MSM.





 





  • Methods:We conducted a literature review following the guidelines of the ENTREQ protocol. The analysis included 48 empirical studies published in Portuguese, English and Spanish between 2001 and 2018 available in the Medline, Embase, Scielo, Scopus, Bireme and Web of Science databases.





 





  • Results:Where an increased production in the last six years and concentration in northern countries. Seven prevention methods were part of the study, with emphasis on pre-exposure prophylaxis, testing, condoms and behavioral strategies. The main topics discussed were stigma and support and care networks.





 





  • Conclusion:we notice that an increasing production on prevention in the men who have sex with men segment results from the emergence of multiple preventive methods and strategies and their combined actions beyond the star role of condoms.

Augusto Mathias, Universidad de Sao Paulo

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Universidade de São Paulo, Facultad de Medicina, Departamento de Medicina Preventiva, Programa de Salud Colectiva, São Paulo, Brasil

AAA_orcid_id23.png https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5896-9223

Lorruan Alves dos Santos, Universidad de Sao Paulo

Fisioterapeuta, Mestre em Ciências (Saúde Coletiva), Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brasil

AAA_orcid_id24.png https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6169-9455

Alexandre Grangeiro, Universidad de Sao Paulo

Antropóloga, Doutorado em Sociologia, Professora do Departamento de Medicina Preventiva, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de São Paulo, Brasil

AAA_orcid_id26.png https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5157-0597

Marcia Thereza Couto, Universidad de Sao Paulo

Antropóloga, Doutorado em Sociologia, Professora do Departamento de Medicina Preventiva, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de São Paulo, Brasil

AAA_orcid_id27.png https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5233-4190

Mathias, A., dos Santos, L. A., Grangeiro, A., & Couto, M. T. (2024). Thematic synthesis HIV prevention qualitative studies in men who have sex with men (MSM). Colombia Medica, 50(3), 201–214. https://doi.org/10.25100/cm.v50i3.4078

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