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Authors

Objective:
To analyze the agreement between body mass index (BMI) and waist-to-height Ratio (WHtR) to identify preschool and school children with cardiovascular risk factors (CRFs).


Methods:
321 kids were included in this cross-sectional study, divided into preschool (3 to 5 years) and school children (6 to 10 years). BMI was used to classify children as overweight or obese. Abdominal obesity was defined with a WHtR≥0.50. Fasting blood lipids, glucose and insulin were measured, and the homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) was calculated. The presence of CRFs and multiple non-waist circumference (non-WC) metabolic syndrome factors (MetS-Factors) [high HOMA-IR, high triglycerides and low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C)] were analyzed.


Results:
112 preschool and 209 school children were evaluated. WHtR≥0.50 classified abdominal obesity in more than half of the preschool children, exceeding those classified with overweight+obesity by BMI (59.5% vs. 9.8%; p<0.001). There was no agreement between WHtR and BMI to identify preschool kids with CRFs and multiple non-WC MetS-Factors (kappa: 0.0 to 0.23, p>0.05). There were similar proportions of school children classified with abdominal obesity by the WHtR and overweight+obesity by the BMI (18.7% vs. 24.9%; p>0.05). There was substantial agreement between WHtR and BMI to identify school children with high total cholesterol values, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), triglycerides, non-HDL-C, insulin, HOMA-IR, low HDL-C values, and the presence of multiple non-WC MetS-Factors (kappa: 0.616 to 0.857, p<0.001).


Conclusion:
In preschool children WHtR>=0.5 disagree with BMI results, but in school kids, it has good agreement with the BMI to classify the children´s nutritional status and to identify those with CRFs.

Juan Carlos Aristizabal, Physiology and Biochemistry Research Group-PHYSIS, Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín, Colombia. 2 School of Nutrition and Dietetics, Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín, Colombia.

orcid_id14.png https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5781-5903

Jacqueline Barona-Acevedo, Food and therapeutic alternatives area, Ophidism Program, School of Microbiology, Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín, Colombia

orcid_id14.png https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0592-9324

Alejandro Estrada-Restrepo, School of Nutrition and Dietetics, Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín, Colombia., Demography and Health Research Group, Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín, Colombia.

orcid_id14.png https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3261-1282

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Received 2019-12-17
Accepted 2023-04-29
Published 2023-07-07