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Introduction: The COVID-19 disease pandemic is a health emergency. Older people and those with chronic noncommunicable diseases are more likely to develop serious illnesses, equire ventilatory support, and die from complications.


Objective: To establish deaths from respiratory infections and some chronic non-communicable diseases that occurred in Cali, before the SARS-CoV-2 disease pandemic.


Methods: During the 2003-2019 period, 207,261 deaths were registered according to the general mortality database of the Municipal Secretary of Health of Cali. Deaths were coded with the International Classification of Diseases and causes of death were grouped according to WHO guidelines. Rates were standardized by age and are expressed per 100,000 people-year.


Results: A direct relationship was observed between aging and mortality from respiratory infections and chronic non-communicable diseases. Age-specific mortality rates were highest in those older than 80 years for all diseases evaluated. Seasonal variation was evident in respiratory diseases in the elderly.


Comments: Estimates of mortality rates from respiratory infections and chronic non-communicable diseases in Cali provide the baseline that will serve as a comparison to estimate the excess mortality caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. Health authorities and decision makers should be guided by reliable estimates of mortality and of the proportion of infected people who die from SARS-CoV-2 virus infection.

Luis Eduardo Bravo Ocaña, Universidad del Valle. Cali, Colombia

Foto_luis_bravo_(4).JPG

Professor Emeritus of pathologyand Epidemiology at Universidad del Valle, Colombia for the last 25 years.

Director of the Population based Cancer Registry of Cali sice 2001, has dedicated his efforts to researching cancer , especially gastric cancer and its relationship with Helicobacter pylory.

Regional Representative of International Association of cancer Registries (IARCR) for Latin American. 2018-2022.

orcid_id14.png https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9708-0312

Paola Collazos, Universidad del Valle. Cali, Colombia

Registro Poblacional de Cáncer de Cali. Cali, Colombia.

Systems engineer, with comprehensive training for the analysis, administration, design and implementation of information systems. With experience in the area of database development and information management.

orcid_id14.png https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4570-2087

Luz Stella García, Universidad del Valle. Cali, Colombia

Business administrator. Master in Epidemiology. She has been a member of the Registro Poblacional de Cáncer de Cali since 1996. She is in charge of searching and collecting information on special projects. She currently works as coordinator of the Registry and administrator of the group's research projects.

orcid_id14.png https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8108-1855

Bravo Ocaña, L. E., Collazos, P., Grillo Ardila, E. K., García, L. S., Millán, E., Mera, P., & Holguín, J. (2020). Mortality from respiratory infections and chronic non-communicable diseases before the COVID-19 pandemic in Cali, Colombia. Colombia Medica, 51(2), e–4270. https://doi.org/10.25100/cm.v51i2.4270

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Received 2020-04-08
Accepted 2020-05-02
Published 2020-05-26