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Authors

Background:
Evidence-based practice (EBP) is a systematic approach to professional practice using the best available evidence to make informed clinical decisions in healthcare. It is necessary to measure and identify strengths and opportunities for improvement.


Objective:
To assess the knowledge and application of EBP in respiratory health professionals in Latin America.


Methods:
A cross-sectional study was conducted. The questionnaire was distributed online to health professionals in Latin American countries. Demographic data, professional characteristics, EBP training, and questionnaire responses were collected. Descriptive and inferential statistical analyses were performed.


Results:
A total of 448 respiratory health professionals participated in the study. Responses were obtained from 17 countries where the majority were female, with an average age of 42. Participants included physicians, physiotherapists, nurses, respiratory therapists, speech therapists, and occupational therapists. Overall scores indicated moderate to high levels of EBP knowledge and application. However, variations were observed in different dimensions. Factors such as EBP training, reading scientific articles, and professional characteristics were associated with higher scores. Barriers to implementing EBP were identified mostly related to institutional support.


Conclusions:
This study provides information on the knowledge and implementation of EBP in respiratory health professionals in Latin America. Although the overall levels of knowledge and application of EBP were moderate to high, there are options for improvement, especially in addressing barriers to implementation.

Vicente Benavides, Universidad del Valle

orcid_id14.png https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9129-0183

Rodrigo Torres-Castro, Universidad de Chile

orcid_id14.png https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7974-4333

Guilherme A. F. Fregonezi, Empresa Brasileira de Serviços Hospitalares, Hospital Universitário Onofre Lopes, PneumoCardioVascular Lab/HUOL, Natal, Brasil

orcid_id14.png https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4938-7018

Vanessa Resqueti, Empresa Brasileira de Serviços Hospitalares, Hospital Universitário Onofre Lopes, PneumoCardioVascular Lab/HUOL, Natal, Brasil. - Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, Departamento de Fisioterapia Natal, Brasil.

orcid_id14.png https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4817-9364

Orlando Perez Nieto, Hospital General San Juan del Río. Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos, Querétaro, México

orcid_id14.png https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8817-7000

Alejandra Cañas, Hospital Universitario San Ignacio. Pontificia Universidad Javeriana. Internal Medicine Department

orcid_id14.png https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3975-2835

Santiago Larrateguy, Centro Privado de Medicina Respiratoria, Paraná, Argentina. - Hospital de la Baxada, Paraná, Argentina. - Universidad Adventista del Plata, Libertador San Martín, Argentina

orcid_id14.png https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4043-7819

Guillermo Mazzucco, Deusto Physical TherapIker, Departamento de Fisioterapia, Facultad Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad de Deusto, Donostia San-Sebastián, España - Empresa Brasileira de Serviços Hospitalares, Hospital Universitário Onofre Lopes, PneumoCardioVascular Lab/HUOL, Natal, Brasil

orcid_id14.png https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3288-5363

Jhonatan Betancourt-Peña, Universidad del Valle, Facultad de Salud, Cali, Colombia - Institución Universitaria Escuela Nacional del Deporte, Cali, Colombia. Cali , Colombia. - Universidad de Vigo, Vigo, España.,

orcid_id14.png https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7292-7628

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Received 2023-11-30
Accepted 2024-03-14
Published 2024-05-29