Physiopathology of traumatic brain injury.
AbstractIntroduction: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a global medical problem. After TBI patients may show motor, behavioral and cognitive disabilities.
Objective: The intention of this paper is to develop the patho-physiology of the head injury, beginning with epidemiological, anatomical, and physiological bases.
Discussion and conclusions: The knowledge of the pathophysiology of TBI will help us to have a context with in we will try to describe and conceptualize in general way the most important patho-physiological process related to the head injury. It is not pretense of this paper get in deep of the concepts exposed here, since it would generate huge chapters of thematic discussion. The pretense is to take a panoramic review of the head injury to understand the foremost characteristics and definition, as a whole of clinical and structural manifestation of this pathology.
- Traumatic brain injury
- Primary lesion
- Secondary lesion
- Difuse axonal injury
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