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The coexistance among fungal pathogens and tuberculosis pulmonary is a clinical condition that generally occurs in immunosuppressive patients, however, immunocompetent patients may have this condition less frequently.


We report the case of an immunocompetent patient diagnosed with coinfection Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Candida albicans.

Case Description:

22-year-old female patient, previously healthy, who presented an episode of cough, massive hemoptysis and fever.

Clinical findings and diagnosis:

Physical examination was found crakles in left lung. Microbiological testing includes Ziehl Neelsen, culture for mycobacterium, fungal culture in Sabouraud Dextrose Agar medium and serum filamentation. The tests showed Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Candida albicans. Imaging studies included chest radiography, chest CT scan apicograma and high resolution supported the diagnosis.

Treatment and Outcome:

The patient was treated with anti-tuberculosis and anti-fungal treatment with good clinical evolution.

Clinical relevance:

Fungal infection and pulmonary tuberculosis is rare in immunocompetent patients should be suspected in abrupt episodes of hemoptysis.


Dilia Mildret Fontalvo, Universidad de Cartagena

Cartagena, Bolívar

Departamento de Postgrado

Doctorado en Medicina Tropical

Universidad de Cartagena

Grupo de investigación UNIMOL

Gustavo Jiménez Borré, Clinica Nuestra Unidad de Cuidados Intensivo Adultos Departamento de Medicina Interna

Departamento de Medicina Interna

Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos

Doris Gómez Camargo, Universidad de Cartagena

Directora Doctorado en Medicina Tropical

Universidad de Cartagena

Grupo de investigación UNIMOL

Neylor Chalavé Jiménez, Clínica Nuestra

Departamento de Medicina Interna

Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos

Javier Bellido Rodríguez, Clínica Nuestra

Departamento de Medicina Interna

Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos

Bernarda Cuadrado Cano, Universidad de Cartagena

Facultad de Medicina

Departamento de Microbiología

Universidad de Cartagena

Shirley Navarro Gómez, Universidad de Cartagena

Doctorado de Medicina Tropical

Universidad de Cartagena

Fontalvo, D. M., Jiménez Borré, G., Gómez Camargo, D., Chalavé Jiménez, N., Bellido Rodríguez, J., Cuadrado Cano, B., & Navarro Gómez, S. (2024). Tuberculosis and pulmonary candidiasis co-infection present in a previously healthy patient. Colombia Medica, 47(2), 105–8. (Original work published June 20, 2016)

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Received 2016-03-13
Accepted 2016-06-07
Published 2024-06-07