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Trauma is a complex pathology that requires an experienced multidisciplinary team with an inherent quick decision-making capacity, given that a few minutes could represent a matter of life or death. These management decisions not only need to be quick but also accurate to be able to prioritize and to efficiently control the injuries that may be causing impending hemodynamic collapse. In essence, this is the cornerstone of the concept of Damage Control Trauma Care. With current technological advances, physicians have at their disposition multiple diagnostic imaging tools that can aid in this prompt decision-making algorithm. This manuscript aims to perform a literature review on this subject and to share the experience on the use of Whole Body Computed Tomography as a potentially safe, effective, and efficient diagnostic tool in cases of severely injured trauma patients regardless of their hemodynamic status. Our general recommendation is that, when feasible, perform a Whole-Body Computed Tomography without interrupting ongoing hemostatic resuscitation in cases of severely injured trauma patients with or without signs of hemodynamic instability. The use of this technology will aid in the decision-making of the best surgical approach for these patients without incurring any delay in definitive management and/or increasing significantly their radiation exposure.

Carlos Alberto Ordoñez, Division of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery, Department of Surgery. Fundación Valle del Lili. Cali, Colombia. Division of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery, Department of Surgery. Universidad del Valle, Cali, Colombia. Universidad Icesi, Cali, Colombia.

orcid_id14.png https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4495-7405

Michael Parra, Department of Trauma Critical Care, Broward General Level I Trauma Center, Fort Lauderdale, FL – USA

 orcid_id14.png https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6496-6275

Monica Guzmán-Rodríguez, Instituto de Ciencias Biomédicas, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Chile, Santiago de Chile, Chile

orcid_id14.png https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5515-263X

Natalia Padilla, Centro de Investigaciones Clínicas (CIC), Fundación Valle del Lili, Cali, Colombia

orcid_id14.png https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3292-6919

Yaset Caicedo, Centro de Investigaciones Clínicas (CIC), Fundación Valle del Lili, Cali, Colombia

orcid_id14.png https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6128-0128

Claudia Patricia Orlas, Center for Surgery and Public Health, Department of Surgery, Brigham & Women’s Hospital, Harvard Medical School & Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, USA

orcid_id14.png https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2249-9960

Alberto Garcia, Division of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery, Department of Surgery. Fundación Valle del Lili. Cali, Colombia. Division of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery, Department of Surgery. Universidad del Valle, Cali, Colombia. Universidad Icesi, Cali, Colombia

orcid_id14.png https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4096-1434

Fernando Rodríguez-Holguín, Division of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery, Department of Surgery. Fundación Valle del Lili. Cali, Colombia. Universidad Icesi, Cali, Colombia

orcid_id14.png https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5326-2317

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Received 2020-06-01
Accepted 2020-11-10
Published 2020-11-29