Geographical distribution of congenital malformations at Hospital Universitario del Valle, Santiago de Cali, Colombia, March of 2004-February of 2005.
AbstractIntroduction: Congenital malformations (CM) or morphologic defects at birthday, are seen almost everyday in the Hospital Universitario del Valle (HUV).
Objectives: To determine the geographical distribution of HUV births with CM according to the place where pregnancy was sustained.
Methods: A descriptive study was done using the database of The Latin-American Collaborative Study of Congenital Malformations in HUV. Population Under study was HUV newborns between March 01/2004 to February 28/2005.
Results: Of 6,993 childbirths, a sample of 404 births was obtained, including cases of CM and controls, which 96% lived in socio-economic status 1, 2 and 3. The most frequent defects were extremities’ malformations (18.8%). The greatest number of childbirths, case and controls, where from commune 13 with 37 births (16.5%), followed by commune 14 (21 births, 9.4%), this commune was the only one in which the difference between cases and controls was significant (15 cases-6 controls), moreover, 3 cases of sirenomelia an unusual malformation prevalent in 1 of 100,000 births were identified in this commune.
Conclusions: Factor or factors predisposing to main malformations in commune 14 should be identified.
- Congenital malformations
- Geographical distribution
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