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Introduction: Women have raised life hope in last decades; this coincides with their vital cycle of peri- post-menopausal apparition. This period present complex changes in it’s by a psycho, sociocultural dimension that implies a position of the women role and negative repercussions in their life quality.
Aim: To determine the predictive factors influencing the health promoter behaviors (HPB) in peri- post-menopausal women of Cali, Colombia, according to Pender’s model.
Material and methods: A descriptive design, non observational, transversal and correlational, of a bietapic conglomerate sample of 650 peri- post-menopausal women between 45 and 60 years old was applied. HPB and biopsychosociocultural factors were studied. The following instruments were applied: scale of health promoter life style, perception of self-efficiency scale, and health state and peri- post-menopausal knowledge scale.
Results: Of the women 54% obtained a HPB higher than the average. The strongest HPB in the peri- post-menopausal women were: spiritual growth (64.3%), interpersonal relationships (60.7%), stress management (57.9%), nutrition (57.3%), health responsibility (54.9%) and a deficient physical activity (49%). According to the multiple regression model, the factors suffering more variability, 37.1%, were: health state perception (R2=21%, p< 0.0001); self-efficacy perception (R2=20.5%, p< 0.0001), formal education (R2=8.3%, p< 0.0001); autonomy in hormonal therapy use (R=3.9%, p< 0.003); peri- post-menopausal knowledge (R2=2.1%, p< 0.001); diet (R2=1.6%, p< 0.006); peri- post-menopausal situation (R2=0.9%, p< 0.03).
Conclusions: HPB were evaluated with sufficiency and these factors are very important in nursing care.

Zaider Triviño, Universidad Santiago de Cali

Profesora dedicación exclusiva, Universidad Santiago de Cali, Colombia.

Jasna Stiepovich, Universidad de Concepción

Profesora Titular, Departamento de Enfermería, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Concepción, Chile.

José M. Merino, Universidad de Concepción

Profesor Titular, Departamento de Sociología, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad de Concepción Chile.
Triviño, Z., Stiepovich, J., & Merino, J. M. (2007). Predictive factors acting on health promotion behavior of menopausic women at Cali, Colombia. Colombia Médica, 38(4), 395–407.


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