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Objetives: The authors investigated the P. jiroveci prevalence and the epidemiological pattern of individuals with HIV infection and pulmonary infection concomitantly.
Method: Were collected 266 samples of bronchoalveolar lavae of the HIV infection patients from three hospitals from Baixada Fluminense, Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil.
Results: The overall prevalence of Pneumocystis jiroveci infection was 26.3%, been 18% in male and 8.3% in female. The sexes showed similar prevalence (26.8% in men and 25.3% in women) and considering the infection stratified by age category, except to female 10-15 years old group, all of them showed infection by the P. jiroveci.  Both measurements without significant differences (among sex, X2= 0,07; among age category, H=10,7, p>0,05) respectively. From this survey eight cases of tuberculosis were diagnosed, representing 3.0% of the total examined.
Neres Norberg, A., Melo Reis, C. H., de Carvalho Queiroz, M. M., Ribeiro, P. C., Pile, E., & de Carvalho, R. W. (2009). Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia in patients with HIV infection from Hospitals of the Baixada Fluminense, Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Colombia Medica, 40(2), 213–217.


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